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Phonics

How do we teach phonics in Key Stage 1?

We deliver Phonics in line with the government programme 'Letters and Sounds'. Children enjoy taking part in rigorous, well-paced and exciting sessions which begins in Reception Class. Within this programme, there are six overlapping phases which are summarised for your information below.

Phase 1 (Nursery/ Reception): Activities within this phase are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase 2 (Reception): Children learn 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. They blend sounds together to make words and segment words into their separate sounds. During this phase the children begin to read simple captions.

Phase 3 (Reception): Children are taught the remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes are introduced such as 'ch', 'oo' and 'th' which represent the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. They develop reading captions, sentences and questions. 

Phase 4 (Reception/ Year 1): No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase 5 (Year 1): Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase 6 (Year 2): Throughout this phase, children work on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.

Children participate in a 20 minute phonics session every day. These lessons take place in small groups ensuring that children make good progress. In the daily phonics lesson the children will learn using all their senses including singing, using magnetic letters and playing games. The children are taught to apply their new learning across the whole curriculum. 

Children begin by learning sets of lower case letters by ‘sound’ and build on this until they are confident to use all representations of sounds outlined in the  government programme of “Letters and Sounds.” Initially we use the Speeds Sounds scheme which is a systematic phonics programme.

Children participate in a 20 minute Phonics session daily. These lessons take place in small groups ensuring that children make good progress. In the daily phonics lesson the children will learn using all their senses eg by singing, using magnetic letters, and playing games. This is vital because all children learn differently. They are taught to apply their new learning in their reading and spelling.

Teachers carry out ongoing assessments to ensure that sessions are appropriate for children to progress well.

 

Useful links

 

http://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks1/literacy/phonics/play/